Miguel Hernández’s “Idea of a Poem”

MY IDEA OF A POEM

What is a poem? A beautiful affected lie. An insinuated truth. Only by insinuating it will a truth not appear a lie. A truth as precious and hidden as anything from a mine. One needs to be a miner of poems to see in its Ethiopias of darkness its Indias of light. A salt-wizened truth situated between blue and singing. Who sees that the sea in truth is white? Nobody. Nevertheless it exists, it flutters, it alludes in its sculpted spume to the color of the crescent moon. The clear sea—would it be as beautiful as its secret if it were suddenly clarified? Its greater beauty lies in its secrecy. The poem cannot present itself to us as either Venus or naked. Naked poems have only the anatomy of poems. And who could make something more horrible than a bare skeleton? Guard, poets, the secret of the poem: the sphinx. Let them learn to tear it away like bark from a tree. Oh, like the orange: what a delicious secret under its planetary circumference! Except in the case of prophetic poetry for which clarity is essential—because it does not try to illustrate sensations, or dazzle the mind with the lightning flash of a sculpted image, but rather to propagate emotions, to enliven lives–guard yourselves, poets, against fruits without skins, seas without salt. The poem has to work as with the Holy Sacrament. . . . When will the poet come with a poem in his fingers, like a priest with the host, saying “Here is GOD” and we will believe it?

Miguel Hernandez
(Orihuela, Circa 1933)

Translated by Ted Genoways

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from The Selected Poems of Miguel Hernández, Edited and Translated by Ted Genoways. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2001. 2-3. Print.

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About mckenzielynntozan

McKenzie Lynn Tozan is a writer and poet in Michigan and Indiana. She is an MFA candidate in Poetry at Western Michigan University, where she is the Layout & Design Editor for New Issues Poetry & Prose and one of the Assistant Poetry Editors for Third Coast. She is also writing book reviews, conducting author interviews and working on her first full-length poetry collection. Be on the lookout, too, for her monthly writing challenges, November Daily and April & May, as well as her nature writing blog, The Daily Sky, which are currently under construction. She previously completed her Bachelor of Science in Secondary English Education and Bachelor of Arts in English, with a Concentration in Writing, at IU South Bend, where she worked as Managing Editor at 42 Miles Press and was a volunteer reader for the in-house literary publication, Analecta. She currently lives in Portage, Michigan, with her husband, their daughter, and three cats. View all posts by mckenzielynntozan

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